via thermal energy

Electron Beam Machining

Electric Discharge Grinding (Electro-Erosion Grinding)

Electric Discharge Machining (Electro-erosion/Spark erosion)

Electric Discharge Sawing

Electric Discharge Wire Cutting (Wire EDM/Spark Erosion)

Rotary EDM

Laser Beam Machining

Laser Beam Torch

Laser-Induced Chemical Processing

Plasma Beam (Arc) Machining

Plasma assisted Machining

Electro-contact Machining

Ion Beam Machining

Ion Beam Sputter Machining

Reactive Ion Etching

Ion Beam Implantation Process